MUMS FOR YOUR GARDEN

 

Mums from Minnesota varieties
The Tri-State's best source of heirloom mums

 

Al Krismer Plant Farm
3556 Poole Road
Cincinnati Ohio 45251    

Email us at krismerplants@fuse.net for availability

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Scroll down page for variety descriptions

Our Mums from Minnesota  brand will be available in late August. Scroll down the web page for complete listing and descriptions of varieties.

What exactly are "Mums from Minnesota

Mums from Minnesota is a collection of heirloom mum varieties either developed by the University of Minnesota or  a  group of cold hardy varieties. These heirloom varieties are different from the Yoder varieties, as well as many modern varieties of mums in that they tend to be more cold hardy, disease resistant, and have larger blooms along with a great variety of bloom types. Our selection includes decorative, incurves, spoons, buttons, pompons, and quill type. We are the only Tri-State grower who offers these unusual heirloom varieties. They are no longer grown since they do require a little more expertise and care in producing them. We have trialed dozens of varieties over the years we proudly offer theses unique varieties for your landscape. Check the flower form key below for a further description

Are mums hardy? This is a question commonly asked about mums in this area. In recent years mums have gotten the reputation that they are not hardy or seldom hardy in the Cincinnati area. Hardiness depends on a lot of factors, which include variety, soil conditions, location, when they were planted, and finally climatic conditions, particularly  the winter weather

Until about 30 years ago most mums sold in the fall were field grown. Since that time most mums have been sold as a potted plants during the fall. How does the way they are grown effect hardiness? When mums were grown in the field and dug as clumps, growers offered those varieties with plenty of vegetative shoots and roots on the mum plant to insure easier digging and better survival. Whether realizing it or not, those varieties with strong root systems and many vegetative shoots were the hardier varieties. With the move toward potted varieties, there was less emphasis on a large root system and a cluster of vegetative shoots. Also in the breeding toward shorter growing  potted varieties, some of the original hardiness seemed to be sacrificed for shortness and a better plant form.

Hardiness in mums can be improved by earlier planting in the fall, proper care which includes keeping the soil moist and not fertilizing after September 15th. Trim mums back to within 4-6 inches from the ground after Thanksgiving and apply a protective covering of loose material on the plants after the ground has frozen. Any covering should be removed in late March. Many mums are damaged by late spring frost and it may be necessary to protect from late frosts. Hardiness also depends on variety. Under normal condition these mums have a hardiness rate of 30% to as much as 100% depending on the factors which were previously discussed.

What are
"Mums from Minnesota"

Background of Mums from Minnesota Breeding
 

IN THE 1930s the chrysanthemum breeding project at the U of M was initiated. Since then, 76 garden mums and seven greenhouse or florist mums have been introduced. Today, Minnesota maintains the only public mum breeding project in the country. U of M scientists make hybrids in the winter and plant out hundreds of seedlings the following spring to compare them to the best performers. Trials are conducted in St. Paul and at six other U of M Research and Outreach Centers, which represent the variability of Minnesota soil, moisture and climate. Plants are evaluated for flower size, color, growth habit, vigor, frost tolerance and winter hardiness.

For more info on mums click here.

MUMS HINTS
 

The earlier mums are planted in the fall the better chance mums have to survive the winter. Winter hardiness depends a lot on the variety, location, and winter weather. Mums need to be protected after they are finished blooming (Late November). Place a layer of light weight much such as straw or pine needles as soon as the ground develops a thin frozen crust. Recent research points toward not trimming back mums until mid March.

Plant your mums in a sunny or partly sunny area. Smaller plants adapt themselves well to container gardening, though they usually do not winter outdoors in containers. Make sure the plants are kept moist, but make sure the ground is well drained. Mums thrive best in rich organic soil. Fertilize weekly with a liquid fertilizer until the buds begin to show color. Never use dry fertilizer on mums since it may burn the roots and damage the plants.

Just follow these directions and you can enjoy mums up past the first of November. If you need to protect from frosts, remember never use a plastic sheet or covering. Use newspapers or cloth covers.

Care sheets are provided with each purchase or click here to download a care sheet.

 

 

Flower Form Key

Cushion mums are not a flower form but a name used for early-flowering, low, bushy mums. Most resemble decorative.
Daisies or Singles mums have daisy-like flowers with yellow centers.
Mum - Decorative Form Decorative mums have double or semi-double flowers and usually grow to over 18 inches tall.
Mum Pom Pon Form Pompon mums have small ball-shaped flowers, on plants that are usually under 18 inches tall.
Mum - Spider Form Spider mums have petals that are long and tubular with hooked ends.  Almost spider-like in appearance.
Mum - Spoon Form Spoon mums have petals that are spoon shaped.
Mum - Quilled Form Quill mums have petals that are straight, long and tubular that resemble a feather quill.

FYI: Chrysanthemums are usually grown as a seasonal annuals for fall bloom.  Varieties are usually grown for outdoor use and require short days (long nights) to bloom with differences among varieties -- early fall blooming ones require shorter nights than those blooming later.   Pinch back to encourage branching and denser growth -- no later than July 15 in zone 4-5;  division every 3-4 years may be beneficial.

 

 

MUMS from Minnesota varieties
available September 1 2007

University of Minnesota varieties and Selected Heirloom Varieties

Color:

Bright red vermillion color with some overtones of rust and orange.

Flower Form:

Large daisy type mum with contrasting yellow center

Description:

Short growing large flowering daisy mum with deep green foliage. Has good cold tolerance if properly mulched. Blooms in late September and holds color well into late fall.

HURRY THESE SELL QUICKLY!!!

Daisy Red

 
 

Color:

 Dark red, 3 1/2" flat, decorative,

Flower Form:

Well formed decorative flowers that are duplex when fully open.

Description:

Developed by University of Minnesota in 1989 and still going strong. Profuse bloomer and very hardy under normal conditions. Blooms mid to late September the first year and early September after established. Short grower loaded with blooms.

 

Maroon Pride

 
   

Color:

Deep reddish bronze ages to a warm rusty color. Holds color well.

Flower Form:

Small flat pompom

Description:

Short growing variety with deep green foliage. Holds its rusty-red color for along period of time. Very weather resistant since flowers are held close to the foliage. Average winter hardiness if protected. Blooms late September.

Pancho

 

Color:

Fiery red spoon like petals contrast with deep yellow centers

Flower Form:

Large spoon type mum with yellow center

Description:

Tall growing variety with deep green foliage. A real novelty mum with fiery red tipped spoons contrasted by yellow centers. Blooms late September and holds color well and had good hardiness under average conditions. Makes great cut flower. HURRY THIS SELLS QUICKLY!

 

Matchsticks

 
   
 

Color:

Bright peachy bronze spoon type mums with full centers.

Flower Form:

 Large spoon shape flowers with full centers.

Description:

This variety is a seedling from Centerpiece and contains all its fine attributes. Flowers start out a bright peachy color and age to a walnut bronze color. This variety produces a lot of vegetative shoots in the fall and has real strong hardiness in this area, Makes great cut flower the second season.

Peach Centerpiece

 
   

Color:

Peachy bronze to golden yellow.

Flower Form:

Decorative to incurve flower similar to florist pot mums. Flowers are large to 3.5 inches across.

Description:

Developed by UM and introduced in 1983, this variety combines the appearance of the larger florist varieties with the shortness of garden varieties. Flowers are held on stiff weather resistant stems. Moderate hardiness.

Gold Country

 
   

 

Color:

 Deep non fading chrome yellow color.

Flower Form:

Flowers are large decorative type.

Description:

Although not a UM variety this mum is very hardy under normal winter conditions. Very popular since its introduction over 20 years ago. Flowers are carried on stiff weather resistant stems with large bright green foliage, Flowers are larger than the Yoder varieties. Blooms late September and holds color well into late fall.

Sunny Morning

 

 

 

 

Color:

 Flower buds remain orange, flower opens to a warm bronze-yellow

Flower Form:

Small decorative type.

Description:

Growth habit is more of a cushion form with 1.5 to 2 inch flowers. Very warm colors of orange and bright yellow as the flowers age. This variety tends in some years to bloom as early as mid September but holds color well in heat. Moderate winter hardiness.

Cajun Spice

 
 
 

Color:

Lemon yellow, with darker centers and delicately fringed petals. The cushion-type plants average 12 inches high and 24 inches wide, and are clothed in dark green foliage. Flowering normally begins in the Tri-State area the second half of September.

Flower Form:

Pompon flowers with delicately fringed petals.

Description:

 The cushion-type plants average 12 inches high and 24 inches wide, and are clothed in dark green foliage. Flowering normally begins in the Tri State area the first half of September. Good winter hardiness under normal condition.

 

Lemonsota

 

Color:

 Light Primrose Color

Flower Form:

Spoon type petals with crested yellow center. Large 4 inch flowers

Description:

 Early blooming short grower with large 4 inch blooms. Medium green foliage. Best described as a cushion mum with unusually large flowers. Blooms early to mid September. Tends to have good winter hardiness under normal conditions.

Muted Sunshine

 
 

Color:

Rose lavender, gold centers

Flower Form:

Quill type mum with tight yellow centers. Flowers grow as much as 4 inches across

Description:

Very uniform  plant with dark green foliage and willowy stems making a very good cut flower. Blooms late September. Very frost resistant and holds bloom into late fall.  Makes nice cut flower the second season. HURRY THIS SELLS QUICKLY!

 Centerpiece

 


 

   

Color:

Radiates with 3-1/2- to 3-3/4- inch, bright rosy-purple decorative flowers whose flat petals have silvery undersides

Flower Form:

Decorative flower with some "quilling"

Description:

Foliage is a clean, medium green. Flowering in Tri State area  begins the second week of September and requires several weeks to reach a peak. Plants are short and stock, Grape Glow is almost like a cushion mum with large flowers. Seems to have good hardiness. This variety must be pinched until mid July to prevent too early of flowering.

Grape Galore

 
   

Color:

Pure white daisy with yellow centers

Flower Form:

Large daisy flower to three inches accented with yellow centers.

Description:

Short growing and full of blooms until frist. Clean deep green foliage and has dependable hardiness. Makes a great cut flower the second season.

NOT AVAILABLE IN 2009

Daisy White

 
 

Color:

Deep purple blooms completely cover cushion plant

Flower Form:

Small pompom flowers

Description:

Deep purple flowers cover low growing cushion variety. Blooms in late September and holds color for several weeks. Seems to have good winter hardiness in this area. One of the best of the heirloom purple mums in its class

Purple Pride